Eruption of Mount Vesuvius with the Ponte della Maddalena in the Distance
View in the evening of the Gulf of Naples and Mount Vesuvius in the distance. Frans Sellies / Getty Images
Vesuvius is the only active volcano in Europe, located on the gulf of Naples, Italy. Famous for its eruption in 79 AD, which destroyed nearby ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, it has exploded as recently as 1944, spewing lava and ash for two weeks during World War II.
View of an eruption column (or plume of ash and gas) from Mount Vesuvius, as seen over the rooftops of Naples, Italy, mid March, 1944. (Photo by George Rodger/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)